About Me

As the third generation of the McDaniel family in the oil and gas business, I got my start at a young age. As a kid, I used to tag along with my dad as he drove countless miles in his rusty old Ford pickup checking out oil opportunities in West Texas. After completing undergraduate and graduate studies in Energy Management, I started my career as a professional landman for one of the major oil companies out of Houston. A few years ago, I left Houston to get back to my West Texas roots, and now work as an independent contractor representing various mineral rights buyers.

My primary territory covers all of Texas and Oklahoma, though I have represented companies as far as Montana and even a handful of jobs up into Canada. Texas has always been my home, and I’m proud to be a part of the oil and gas industry that so greatly benefits the economy of the Lone Star State. This site aims to help bridge the gap between mineral buyer and seller by providing educational resources about the industry.

Buzz Words Every Mineral Rights Owner Should Know

Farmers talk about yield-per-acre; lawyers, about cause of action; and architects, about cornice molding. Virtually every line of work and professional discipline has its own jargon. By the same token, consumers should have some idea of these concepts when, say, buying food, filing a lawsuit or building a home. Terminology and its comprehension are important components in transacting business, and the management of property is no different. More specifically, when you own a plot of land that is rich in minerals—and seek to gain income from those deposits—you are much better off using the words common to oil and gas barons. Here are a few words that every owner of mineral rights should know:

If you own mineral rights, it's important to understand how far down your rights extend.

If you own mineral rights, it’s important to understand how far down your rights extend.

Depth Rights

This tern refers to how far beneath the surface your rights go. A seller might choose to retain rights below, for example, 10,000 feet. If you are buying, the burden is on you to know whether your depth rights are limited or unlimited. Ordinarily, a good rule of thumb is to keep conveyance documents and leases as specific as possible, leaving no room for confusion.

However, know that public authorities may not always recognize the intents of buyers, sellers, and leases. In New York State, for example, a landowner—delinquent on his tax bills—had his property seized by the county. More than one lessee held rights at various depths, and had to battle the taxation authority to retain the mineral rights. One issue that came to a head was the depth to which the tax assessor evaluated the property.

Royalty Interest

A good analogy for royalty interest is found in the publishing business. A publisher will agree to edit, format, print and sell an author’s work in exchange for the copyright. As part of the deal, the publisher will pay a royalty to the author for every book sold. The same holds true in energy production and mining. The energy company seeks access to land owned by another. In exchange for mineral rights, the company agrees to give the owner a piece of the production (and revenue), i.e. the royalty interest. This stands in contrast to the working interest held by the lessee, who shoulders the expenses and labor involved in production.

Whether you have one or multiple income producing leases, it’s important that you track the royalty payments you are receiving from each one. I recently came across a new app that allows users to track their mineral rights and royalties in a very transparent and user-friendly way. Go to www.ingaugeminerals.com if you’re interested in checking it out.

You may lease or sell the mineral rights to a land, which means an oil and gas company will bring their own workers in to extract the minerals.

You may lease or sell the mineral rights to a land, which means an oil and gas company will bring their own workers in to extract the minerals.


The landman is the individual who negotiates with mineral rights owners for the benefit of energy companies and other businesses that seek access to mineral resources. These professionals can be either field landmen—free-lancers who contract independently—or in-house landmen employed full-time by an oil company, like me. Landmen are involved in diverse tasks:

  • Reviewing and clearing impediments to mineral rights title
  • Interacting with government regulators
  • Consulting with real estate attorneys regarding acquiring rights
  • Strengthening ties and relationships with mineral owners

Of course, there are many other terms with which you should be comfortable when jumping into mineral rights commerce. Like the above, they deal with legal allowances, financial remuneration and the many people you will encounter.


Best Places in Texas to Go Airstream Camping

My job requires lots of time on the road, so about a year ago I purchased a sport trailer from Airstream of DFW to make life a little easier. Instead of checking into hotels 4 or 5 nights a week, now I can just find a place to park the trailer and feel like I’m at home away from home. I never really saw myself as being the RV type, but the Airstream has a different vibe than your typical motorhome. Heck, with the way people in Austin are gobbling them up, you know they must be trendy. What started as a convenience has now turned into somewhat of a hobby. Even on weekends, when I could be home, I enjoy taking buddies along in the Airstream for a guys’ weekend of camping.

Residents of Austin have fully embraced the Airstream resurgence.

Residents of Austin have fully embraced the Airstream resurgence.

The great state of Texas, vast and varied, offers a host of unique locales for Airstream camping. The natural terrain and scenic landscapes of Texas are beyond compare. From the woods of East Texas to the Chisos Mountains, there are so many places to see. One of the most stunning areas is the Texas Hill Country surrounding Austin and San Antonio. Brimming with beautiful landscapes, the Texas Hill Country offers a myriad of great camping opportunities. You could spend months in the Texas Hill Country and still not see it all!

Here are a few Texas Hill Country favorites:

Garner State Park

Garner State Park has beautiful foliage in the fall.

Garner State Park has beautiful foliage in the fall.

Ask anyone who grew up in Texas about Garner State Park and they will know what you are talking about and have a story to tell. A Texas Tradition, Garner State Park offers the ultimate in family recreation. Spring-fed with crystal clear water, the Frio River runs through the middle of the park. Frio is the Spanish word for “cold” and the water is definitely cold. The Frio River provides endless opportunities for swimming, tubing, and kayaking, canoeing and even fishing. Picnicking or just chilling on the banks are among the more laid-back activities. Numerous hiking trails are also within the park’s hilly terrain. Garner State Park in located at the western end of the Texas Hill Country between Concan and Leakey.

The most unique feature of Garner State Park is the evening dances at the pavilion. Every evening in the summer, there a dance is held at the pavilion. With music provided by a jukebox, the pavilion fills with young and old alike dancing to country and western music. Many a young person has found a summer romance at Garner.

After the summer season has waned, Garner State Park offers a beautiful setting for stunning fall color. Due to the mild winters of the area, camping is available year-round in this Texas treasure. The park stretches over 1774 acres and offers a variety of camping options. Campsites are available in 30 and 50 amps.

Blanco State Park

Just an hour west of Austin sits Blanco State Park, which is within walking distance to Blanco’s town square. A charming small park, Blanco State Park is located along the banks of the Blanco River. The spring fed Blanco River maintains a cold temperature, around 68⁰F, which makes it a refreshing stop on a blazing summer day. The swimming area is divided into two areas, one shallow and one deep with a swimming pool area beside the dam. Fishing is a popular past-time in this state park.

Blanco State Park offers 30 and 50-amp service and is one of the rare state parks to offer full hook ups.

Inks Lake State Park

Inks Lake is one of Texas' most beloved recreational areas, known for its fishing and many hiking trails.

Inks Lake is one of Texas’ most beloved recreational areas, known for its fishing and many hiking trails.

Inks Lake State Park is located in Burnet, approximately an hour northwest of Austin. Inks Lake offers glistening blue water along with vibrant rock outcrops. Inks Lake State Park features hiking trails, boating, skiing, scuba and fishing in addition to the popular swimming hole, Devil’s Waterhole. The lake also features a large no wake area for canoeing or kayaking. The park features two fishing piers, cleaning stations and a boat ramp. Scenic waterfalls are visible upstream from the lake.

Numerous water front sites are available with 30 and 50-amp service. Sites that are not waterfront have easy access to the lake.

Eagle Ford Shale Formation

Location of Eagle Ford

Lying underground along most of South Texas is a sedimentary geological rock formation containing oil and natural gas, known as the Eagle Ford Shale. It is currently the most active shale producing area on Earth. Made up of rich fossil ferrous marine shale, the area, running several hundred miles from the US/Mexico border north of Laredo to just north of Houston was one of the most heavily drilled sites for oil and gas in the country in 2010.

The shale is a very fine-grained, highly compacted sediment mixed with the fossilized remains of composted plants and animals. After exposure to pressure and heat in the Earth’s crust, this sediment and organic matter transforms into oil and gas deposits. Though most of the shale itself lies close to the Earth’s surface in northern Texas, the geological formation slopes, sending the oil deposits, and therefore the drilling activity, to south Texas.

Drilling in Eagle Ford

Article #3_pic of drilling at Eagle Ford
The formation was named after the now-defunct community of Eagle Ford, where the outcrops that formed it were first seen by locals. Petrohawk drilled the first well to successfully extract oil and gas from Eagle Ford Shale in 2008 in LaSalle County, Texas. Other oil companies soon joined in the drilling, growing the productive area from Webb and Maverick counties in Texas all the way to the Mexican border. Currently, Apache Corporation, EOG Resources, Swift Energy, Petrohawk and Exxon are among Eagle Ford Shale’s largest leaseholders. The area itself is approximately 50 miles wide, 400 miles long and is about 250 feet thick at a depth between 4,000 and 12,000 feet.

In order to recover and extract the oil and gas that is within Eagle Ford Shale, companies utilize hydraulic fracturing alongside horizontal drilling. In contrast to the highly controversial practice of fracking, many of the leaseholders who are actively involved in drilling operations also use no-emission and/or low-emission controllers during the recovery and extraction process.

Economic Impact

During the first six months of 2013, Eagle Ford Shale produced 2.69 billion cubic feet of gas and 599,000 barrels of oil and condensate daily. A study performed by UTSA (the University of Texas at San Antonio), concluded that Eagle Ford Shale had an $87 billion impact on the Texas economy in 2013. At that time, industry experts estimated that by 2023, Eagle Ford Shale would generate $137 billion in revenue and employ more than 196,000 workers. However, oil production in Texas severely plummeted in 2015 as OPEC the market with superfluous oil supply. At Eagle Ford, extraction halted in more than 50% of the producing rigs, crippling the projected economic growth. While much oil still remains for extraction, it is unclear if and when this area will recover.


Overview of Major Shale Areas in Texas

Shale rock promises to be a rich source of oil and gas for the world’s growing economies. The extraction of oil and gas from this material requires special techniques that use complex equipment and deep knowledge of these extraordinary rock formations. A number of areas in the state of Texas hold shale rock, and these are expected to yield significant amounts of oil and gas in the future:

Eagle Ford Formation
The Eagle Ford Formation covers a significant area in south Texas. It contains material with a higher carbon percentage in a more brittle environment that makes it easier to extract. The formation is about 50 miles wide and 400 miles long, running from the border with Mexico to East Texas, and yielding both oil and gas within its borders. In 2013, there were 2,521 oil leases issued for the area and 2,418 producing gas wells.

Barnett Formation
The Barnett formation is located in central Texas, much of it under the city of Fort Worth. It is an area of “tight” shale formation, which makes it more difficult to extract. Its location relative to urban areas adds even more complexity to the problems of extraction of its abundant gas reserves. However, horizontal drilling is offering new opportunities for extraction in this area of the state. The Barnett formation is believed to hold some of the largest producible reserves of natural gas of any onshore field in the country.

Permian Basin Formations

Article #2_Permian Basin
In West Texas, the Permian Basin has provided oil since 1925. Today, new extraction technologies are making this one of the most productive regions in the state. Six different formations are located within the Permian Basin, including the Wolfcamp, Spraberry, Glorieta, Bone Springs and Delaware deposits. Three of these, Spraberry, Bone Springs and Wolfcamp are responsible for three-quarters of the increase in oil production in this area. The Cline formation is another area of the Permian Basin are that is attracting attention in recent years as more exploration and drilling has commenced here. The Permian Basin covers an area 250 miles wide and 300 miles long and is expected to continue to yield significant amounts of oil and gas from shale in future years.

Haynesville-Bossier Formation
East Texas is the site of another rich formation of shale gas. The Haynesville-Bossier Formation is a mudstone deposit that contains limestone, shale and sandstone, along with marine and coastal plain organic materials that make it conducive for the creation of natural gas. The area covers 9,000 square miles of area, parts of which are in Louisiana. It wasn’t until 2008 that new advances in extraction technology allowed the natural gas in this area to be recovered in an economically feasible manner. Today, it is considered one of the most promising areas in the country for natural gas extraction.
Future of Shale
The energy opportunities in Texas drive a huge sector of the economy, benefitting both major drilling companies and for private citizens who own mineral rights under their land. Many Texas residents that live within the bounds of these shale formations have made healthy sums monetizing their mineral rights by either leasing their rights to oil & gas companies in return for royalty payments, or selling their mineral rights for a lump sum payment. Caddo Minerals, centrally located in Austin, is one of the major mineral rights buyers in the state, offering top dollar to those looking to sell.


With the abundance of promising oil and gas reserves in the state, Texas is poised to lead the way toward tomorrow’s energy production. The state’s natural resources will continue to provide jobs and economic development for its residents.


What Is Shale?

Shale rock has come to the attention of oil producers looking for new sources of oil and gas to fuel the needs of global economies. It is a special type of rock formation that requires highly technical methods of extraction. Energy companies have developed these innovative methods of extraction to take advantage of this unique resource that is found in many countries around the world.

What Is Shale Made Of?
Essentially, shale rock is sedimentary rock that is very finely grained. It contains, clay, silt and small particles of calcite, quartz and other minerals. Shale is part of a category called “mudstone,” because it is formed by layers of mud and silt that are deposited in the ground. It is unique in that it can break apart into parallel layers more easily than other types of rock. Oil and gas is contained within these layers, which must be broken apart using special techniques that allow this rich resource to be harvested.

How Is Shale Formed?

Shale forms when the environment carries silt, containing a variety of minerals from eroded rocks, and deposits it in layers in a particular region over time. The layers may contain clay, feldspar, mica, quartz and variety of different types of organic matter. These layers become compressed together at high pressure over thousands of years, in a process called “lithification,” which turns it into rock. This material also contains kerogen, which is believed to be the substance that causes oil and gas to form from the compressed organic matter in the silt.

How Are Oil and Gas Extracted from Shale?
A number of different methods can be used to extract oil and gas from the layers of rock in a shale formation. Pyrolysis, hydrogenation or thermal dissolution are common extraction methods. The process used is determined by the type of environmental conditions that exist in a shale deposit, and also, by cost considerations that are involved in the extraction. In some cases, the shale may be removed from the ground and processed in a facility, using a method called “retorting.” However, in other cases, processing occurs in-situ, that is, at the site where it is found.

Article #1_Shale Oil Extraction

More recently, you may have heard of the term “fracking” which is a newer and more controversial method of shale oil extraction. In fracking, a hire pressure mixture of water and sand is directed at the shale, which forces the gas towards the well. The public backlash at fracking stems from concerns about its environmental impact, including excessive water usage, the potential for ground water contamination, and the belief that the practice causes small earth tremors.

Advantages of Shale Oil and Gas
Extracting oil and gas from shale rock offers the world an abundant source of energy for the world’s growing economies and populations. It will increase the number of high-paying jobs in these regions of the world and will provide greater energy independence, as well as increased security for these nations who will no longer have to depend on unstable areas of the world for their energy resources. Shale offers a rich supply of oil and gas for the world’s future energy needs. With modern technology, this resource can help advance economies around the globe.